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1900-1923 Home Rule to Partition

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1900-1923 Home Rule to Partition

More ships have been destroyed on Tuskar Rock than on any other Irish coastal feature. This low and featureless outcrop lies 7 miles off the Wexford coast, waiting to ensnare unsuspecting ships. It took three years and 14 lives to build its lighthouse in the early 1800s. It was at this forbidding place that the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) organised the rendezvous between the SS Fanny, carrying 216 tons of guns and ammunition, and the SS Clyde Valley, soon to be renamed the Mountjoy II, in the audacious Larne gun-running of 1914. The Clyde Valley took on its cargo of contraband weapons and sailed to Larne amid an Ulster-wide UVF mobilisation that preoccupied the authorities. UVF volunteers from all over the province lined the roads to Larne harbour in cars and lorries, ready to secret the weapons in anticipation of the passing of the Home Rule Bill.

The Home Rule movement was the dominant force in Irish nationalist politics from the 1870s. Charles Stewart Parnell’s Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP) had supplanted the Liberal, Conservative, and Unionist parties that had once dominated the Irish political scene. Liberal governments in Westminster had attempted to pass two Home Rule Bills by 1912, only to be defeated in the House of Lords. The Liberals formed a new government in 1910 with the support of the IPP, on the condition that a fresh Home Rule Bill be introduced. Unionists were alarmed, and were prepared to resist with violence if the need arose. The UVF, formerly unarmed, hatched the Larne gun-running to arm their ranks.

The National Museums NI Home Rule to Partition collection highlights this crisis with examples of propaganda from both the Home Rule and Unionist campaigns, and artefacts and weapons from the Mountjoy II.

The First World War prevented the Home Rule Act 1914 being implemented, and the Easter Rising complicated an already difficult political situation. The collection includes a wide array of First War artefacts, including personal belongings and medals from both sides. We hold a fascinating collection of pieces from Ireland in this period too, illustrating the rapid constitutional and social changes that were occurring. There are items from the Easter Rising and the partition of Ireland, and pieces that demonstrate the rising role of the women’s movement, and labour organisations.

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McQueen's Aiming Teacher

McQueen's Aiming Teacher

McQueen's Aiming Teacher. folded card : outer has 3 strips of card rivetted on : black circle : strip of black card with cut out circle, V and U notch...

Programme for Unionist Demonstation, Bangor

Programme for Unionist Demonstation, Bangor

Programme for Unionist Demonstation, Bangor. printed one side in blue : badge of Unionist Clubs in red and blue : hymns, resolutions. Inscription : UN...

Ulster Demonstration Against Home Rule

Ulster Demonstration Against Home Rule

single sheet folded, printed both sides : cover blue, red and yellow : photographs of leading unionists in oval vignettes : inside printed in blue : p...

Political Broadside Pamphlet

Political Broadside Pamphlet

Political Broadside Pamphlet. hand bill, printed both sides : quotes from sermon by Rev. Gerald O'Nolan at St.Malachy's, 1st December 1912. Inscriptio...

Political Broadside Pamphlet

Political Broadside Pamphlet

Political Broadside Pamphlet. single sheet, folded, printed both sides : reprints letter from Doc. Edward Thompson of Omagh to Asquith, giving his opi...

Political Adhesive Label

Political Adhesive Label

Anti-Home Rule Sticker. Margins on right and bottom and top : at bottom pair joined with third joined on top right : perforations : blue head and shou...

UIster Unionist Demonstration 1912

UIster Unionist Demonstration 1912

printed in blue : cover yellow with badge as 1892 convention, date changed : 19 numbered pages : stapled : portraits and biographies of Bonar Law, Car...

We Will Not Have Home Rule

We Will Not Have Home Rule

Anti-Home Rule postcard, view of crowds at Balmoral in front of covered platform. Ulster Will Fight Series 1. Inscription : "WE WILL NOT HAVE HOME RUL...

Unionist Club Programme

Unionist Club Programme

Unionist Club Programme. single sheet folded, printed in blue both sides : list of officers and committee on back. Inscription : WINDSOR AND STRANMILL...

Song Sheet for Ulster Hall Demonstration, 1912

Song Sheet for Ulster Hall Demonstration, 1912

Song Sheet for Ulster Hall Demonstration, 1912. single sheet folded, printed 3 sides in double column. Inscription : ULSTERMAN : LAND OF HOPE AND GLOR...

Photograph

Photograph

Photograph showing a nurse reading to a child, possibly in the grounds of a hospital. Belonged to Nurse Brolly, a First World War nurse....

Proficient UVF

Proficient UVF

UVF Proficient badge with pin fastening. With pale blue border dated 1915 EAST BELFAST. UVF For God and Ulster. Blue border indicates proficiency in b...

Sisters Winnett, Thompson & Brolly

Sisters Winnett, Thompson & Brolly

Photograph showing three nurses, Sisters Winnett, Thompson & Brolly, tending to a patient in a hospital bed. The nurses are seen wearing their Alexand...

Unionist Club

Unionist Club

Unionist Club Membership Card, dated 1912. Single sheet folded, printed in blue both sides : cover red, blue and gold badge, crowned circle with union...

BOOK; Permit book (pass), [Royal Irish Constabulary]

BOOK; Permit book (pass), [Royal Irish Constabulary]

event : World War I;condition : fair. issuing authority : [Royal Irish Constabulary]. description : red cover ; numbered 217921 ; issued to John Holne...

The Munitions Miracle

The Munitions Miracle

National War Aims Committee pamphlet, No. 1 in the British Effort Series. Features a speech by Churchill to the House of Commons....

Photograph

Photograph

Photograph showing a group of six nurses, posing for photograph in a garden. Some of the nurses can be seen wearing their Queen Alexandra Imperial Mil...

The Record of the Irish Rebellion of 1916

The Record of the Irish Rebellion of 1916

Illustrated booklet entitled 'The Record of the Irish Rebellion of 1916' published by Irish Life. 64 pages, undated but probably shortly after the Ris...

Photograph

Photograph

Photograph showing a group of nurses with a soldier. Belonged to Sister B. C. Brolly, a First World War nurse....

1914-1918

1914-1918

British War medal awarded to Sister Brolly, a nurse during the First World War. This medal was awarded to those who entered a theatre of war or entere...

Medal

Medal

First World War stripes belonging to Sister Brolly, a nurse during the First World War....

Photograph

Photograph

Photograph showing a nurse wearing her Queen Alexandra Imperial Military Nursing medal. Photograph appears to have been cut, just left of the nurse yo...

For Kultur

For Kultur

"Iron Cross" a satire on the German decoration bearing in raised letters 'For Kultur.'...

Photograph

Photograph

Photograph showing Sister Brolly sitting with a book on a path. A signpost behind her indicates where the Out of Bounds area is. Photograph marked 'br...

Identity disk, North Irish Horse

Identity disk, North Irish Horse

event : World War I;condition : good. type : military. issuing authority : North Irish Horse. obverse : around "TIMBEY H 388313 PTE" ; across "C OF E ...

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