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1900-1923 Home Rule to Partition

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1900-1923 Home Rule to Partition

More ships have been destroyed on Tuskar Rock than on any other Irish coastal feature. This low and featureless outcrop lies 7 miles off the Wexford coast, waiting to ensnare unsuspecting ships. It took three years and 14 lives to build its lighthouse in the early 1800s. It was at this forbidding place that the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) organised the rendezvous between the SS Fanny, carrying 216 tons of guns and ammunition, and the SS Clyde Valley, soon to be renamed the Mountjoy II, in the audacious Larne gun-running of 1914. The Clyde Valley took on its cargo of contraband weapons and sailed to Larne amid an Ulster-wide UVF mobilisation that preoccupied the authorities. UVF volunteers from all over the province lined the roads to Larne harbour in cars and lorries, ready to secret the weapons in anticipation of the passing of the Home Rule Bill.

The Home Rule movement was the dominant force in Irish nationalist politics from the 1870s. Charles Stewart Parnell’s Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP) had supplanted the Liberal, Conservative, and Unionist parties that had once dominated the Irish political scene. Liberal governments in Westminster had attempted to pass two Home Rule Bills by 1912, only to be defeated in the House of Lords. The Liberals formed a new government in 1910 with the support of the IPP, on the condition that a fresh Home Rule Bill be introduced. Unionists were alarmed, and were prepared to resist with violence if the need arose. The UVF, formerly unarmed, hatched the Larne gun-running to arm their ranks.

The National Museums NI Home Rule to Partition collection highlights this crisis with examples of propaganda from both the Home Rule and Unionist campaigns, and artefacts and weapons from the Mountjoy II.

The First World War prevented the Home Rule Act 1914 being implemented, and the Easter Rising complicated an already difficult political situation. The collection includes a wide array of First War artefacts, including personal belongings and medals from both sides. We hold a fascinating collection of pieces from Ireland in this period too, illustrating the rapid constitutional and social changes that were occurring. There are items from the Easter Rising and the partition of Ireland, and pieces that demonstrate the rising role of the women’s movement, and labour organisations.

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4 Questions to men who have NOT enlisted

4 Questions to men who have NOT enlisted

First World War recruitment poster; '4 Questions to men who have NOT enlisted'; published by the Parliamentary Recruiting Committee, London; poster no...

Photograph

Photograph

Photograph showing Sister B. C. Brolly at Amenion Rest Centre, France 1917. Soldiers are visible in the background....

Who's Absent? Is it You??

Who's Absent? Is it You??

First World War recruitment poster; 'Who's Absent? Is it You?' John Bull on a beige background with brown lettering and border; behind him is a line ...

Going to Market in Style

Going to Market in Style

Greetings postcard of well-dressed woman in donkey cart, entitled 'Going to market in style.' Sent to Miss Smyth Glassdrummond from Belfast 1905....

Easter Rising

Easter Rising

Easter Rising postcard showing the 'Ruins of Hotel Metropole and corner of GPO.' One of a set of six....

Political Adhesive Label

Political Adhesive Label

Anti-Home Rule Sticker. Blue head and shoulders profile of Carson : red hand on yellow circle at bottom right : stuck to piece of paper, probably from...

BOOKS; Trench books, German Army

BOOKS; Trench books, German Army

event : World War I;condition : good. description : 4 books in the series SCHUTZENGRABEN-BUCHER ; stapled.; production method :letterpress...

Titanic Marconi Telegram

Titanic Marconi Telegram

Form No. 1-100 - 17.11.11. Sent date 15 APRIL 1912. No. OLYMPIC, Office of Origin OLYMPIC. Service Instructions : SENT VIA SABLE ISLAND AT 10.25 am ES...

He Died for Freedom and Honour

He Died for Freedom and Honour

Next of Kin Memorial Plaque, in original packaging, awarded to the family of Patrick Magee. Private Magee 20920, "C" Coy. 8th Bn., Royal Irish Fusilie...

Sir Edward and Lady Carson

Sir Edward and Lady Carson

Photographic postcard of 'Sir Edward and Lady Carson.' This is Carson with his second and younger wife....

North Irish Horse

North Irish Horse

This is the service jacket of Lord Farnham, an officer of the North Irish Horse regiment. The jacket has a roll collar on which bronze collar badges a...

Lantern slide

Lantern slide

First World War battlefield scene....

POSTCARD; Field service postcard

POSTCARD; Field service postcard

event : World War I;condition : fair. description : printed form with ms additions ; addressed to MRS S. D. KNOX of Londonderry ; on back series of st...

Lantern slide

Lantern slide

Sir Edward Carson in his carriage. September 1912....

Political Broadside Pamphlet

Political Broadside Pamphlet

Political Broadside Pamphlet. hand bill, printed one side : refers to appointment of succession of managers of Lisnaskea Co-Operative Dairy. Inscripti...

The Sinn Fein Revolt in Dublin

The Sinn Fein Revolt in Dublin

Easter Rising postcard showing 'The Sinn Fein Revolt in Dublin - the Metropole Hotel, Post Office and Nelson Column.' Rotary Photographic Series. Note...

No Thoroughfare!

No Thoroughfare!

Anti-Home Rule Postcard entitled 'No Thoroughfare!' Depicting Asquith on his cart with the 'Home Rule Bill' in tow being stopped by policeman Bonar La...

Titanic Marconi Telegram

Titanic Marconi Telegram

Form No. 1-100 - 17.11.11. Sent date 15 APR 1912. No. OLYMPIC, Office of Origin OLYMPIC. Service Instructions : SENT VIA SABLE ISLAND AT 5.20 am EST. ...

Lord Roberts and escort of imperial Yeomanry entering Kroonstadt

Lord Roberts and escort of imperial Yeomanry entering Kroonstadt

Stereoscope Photograph showing a view relating to the Boer War; Lord Roberts entering Kroonstadt with escort. ‘Lord Roberts and escort of Imperial Yeo...

Photographic Print

Photographic Print

View of crowds outside Robinson and Cleaver's watching Unionist clubs and Orangemen from Downpatrick District marching to Balmoral for an Unionist Dem...

Lantern slide

Lantern slide

Sir Edward Carson boarding train for Enniskillen to open Ulster Day campaign....

Take it away, it smells; been buried twice already; bury it again, this time for good

Take it away, it smells; been buried twice already; bury it again, this time for good

Anti-Home Rule postcard featuring a cartoon of Carson declining a skull inscribed 'Home Rule' from John Redmond, saying 'Take it away, it smells; been...

Lantern slide

Lantern slide

Slide of black and white engraving of three views of sub-mariners....

Savars improved safety ear syringe

Savars improved safety ear syringe

Boxed ' Savars improved safety ear syringe' used in a First World War hospital, Birmingham....

Lantern slide

Lantern slide

Lantern slide showing new houses in Hamill Street with original old housing standing parallel. From photograph taken in reference to Belfast Improveme...

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