Ulster Transport Museum

On the Hoof

Before the introduction of vehicles, men, women and children used wicker baskets, or creels, to carry fuel for the fire, food for the table and produce to market.

Permanent display

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Before the introduction of vehicles, men, women and children used wicker baskets, or creels, to carry fuel for the fire, food for the table and produce to market. Donkeys were introduced to Ireland around 1800 and quickly proved their usefulness in hauling carts around Irish farms. This exhibition shows the origins and development of early vehicles, from slipes and slide cars to Scotch carts.

Highlights of this exhibition include:

Linen Scotch Cart

The scotch cart was imported to Ireland from Scotland in the late 1700s and was used to transport linen. It has large spoked wheels, almost horizontal shafts, and wide wheels to help spread its heavy loads while crossing fields.

Munster Car

The Munster car in our collections was used in Clonmel, County Tipperary. It is fitted like a block-wheel car with solid wheels rigidly attached to a rotating axle. The wheels are outside the shafts, making the car stable but also prone to churning up the road surface when cornering.

Threshing Machine

The threshing machine was invented in Scotland in the 1780s. Early versions were powered by horse, while later versions were powered by portable steam engines. Our threshing machine was made by Barclay Ross & Hutchison, Aberdeen and delivered to the Cunningham’s farm at Parkgate, County Antrim during WW1.